المساعد الشخصي الرقمي

مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : Corporate Governance in Jordan Municipalities


Eng.Jordan
02-03-2013, 09:45 PM
حمل المرجع كاملاً من المرفقات



Corporate Governance in Jordan Municipalities
The Great Ain Al-Basha Municipality

Othman M. Ghnaim
Radwan M.El-Anati


The aim of this study is to review the objectives of corporate Governance and their implementation used by Jordan Municipalities.
The researchers use twenty-0ne measures to investigate the extent of implementing the corporate governance in measuring the efficiency of the Municipality: rendering services, Staff, Contingencies and the interaction with its local community.
The main result of the study should that only (28.25%) of corporate Governance is attained, the highest result is achieved in the efficiency of services rendered (2.4/5) while the lowest is in readiness of the Municipality in contingency cases (0/5).
The main recommendation of this study is a dopting and implementing the objectives if corporate Governance by the Municipality as a part of its culture and updating legislation and doing the necessary modification in the organization chart.

Key Words: corporate Governance, Municipality

Introduction
Municipalities in Jordan face a set of socioeconomic and administrational problems which affect negatively on its performance. To solve these problems and to help Municipalities in achieving sustainable socioeconomic development. It is necessary to adopt and apply corporate governance.
The aim of this study is to review the objectives of corporate governance and their implementation used by Municipalities.
The main research question investigates the objectives set for corporate governance of municipal enterprises and how successfully the objectives are attained. To make this investigation, researchers set four hypothesis: the first three are related to operating efficiency for services, staff and contingency cases, but the fourth one is related to the functional interaction of the Municipality in problem solving of the people.
The case study is Ain-Basha Municipality which located in north west of Amman; The population of this Municipality is a bout 356,000 habitants (Jordan Department of statistics 2004). There are five local areas related to this Municipality.

Literature Survey
Mari showed in his dissertation that corporate Governance aims both directly and indirectly at better services and improving the ability of responding in contingencies. He assured that functional interaction promotes problem–solving and objective achievement in Municipality (Mari,2007).
Tladi works on developing skills and competences to implement corporate Governance in free state municipalities; in this research he focused on developing the human resource of local government which requires attention not only to issues of skills development and competencies but also other institutional changes (Tladi, 2007).

Navrbjerg integrates the issues of municipality in the discussions on personnel policies and to enhance employee participation and co-determination. This paper presents the most important results of an evaluation of the co-operations system in municipalities and countries (Navrbjerg,2007).

Pretoria mentioned in his paper that Governance and administration cluster strives to improve the quality life of the people by improving governance. (Pretoria, 2007).